Diabetes diagnoses frequently come with ambiguity, which fills the family with fear and unwarranted hopelessness. One must realize that receiving a diagnosis for the disease is fortunate. Many people are coping with the illness without receiving a diagnosis. Averting the occurrence of life-threatening consequences requires early diagnosis and appropriate management.
1. Take care of your feet.
High blood sugar levels might harm your feet’s nerves and limit blood flow. Cuts and blisters can cause dangerous illnesses if left untreated. As a man, in your daily activities, your feet may experience discomfort or tingling as a result of diabetes. Therefore, as you find diabetic socks made for men, you must consider comfortable ones and those that minimize foot sensitivity, pain, and numbness. Additionally, you should wash your feet every day in lukewarm water to avoid foot issues. You might wish to refrain from bathing your feet because doing so can cause dry skin. Consider gentle foot drying, paying specific attention to the area in the toes. Apply lotion or petroleum jelly to your ankles and feet to moisturize them. Avoid applying oils or creams between your toes. Infection may result from additional wetness. You should inspect your feet every day since they can have blisters, calluses, redness, sores, or swelling.
2. Stress Minimization
Everyone’s health depends on managing stress, but having diabetes makes it even more critical. Because of how your body reacts to stress, diabetic problems may become more likely. Consult your primary care physician or endocrinologist if your stress is so severe that it prevents you from carrying out your typical relationships or if you think you may be depressed. For example, endocrinologists frequently work with specialists in mental health who can assist you in managing excessive stress. You ought to Treat stress with respect. Stress makes it simple to forget about your regular diabetes care regimen. Set boundaries to control your tension. Set your tasks’ priorities. Study relaxation methods. You need to sleep a lot. Above everything, keep a good attitude. You are in charge of your diabetes care. Diabetes will not prevent you from leading an active, healthy life, provided you are ready to do your part
3. Plan Routine Eye Checkups and Physicals
In addition to your regular eye exams and yearly physical checkup, plan at least two diabetes checkups per year. During the physical, your doctor will inquire about your diet and level of activity, check for any complications related to diabetes, such as heart disease, nerve damage, and kidney damage, and screen for further medical issues. Additionally, he or she will check your feet for any problems that might require care. You’ll probably visit your eye doctor more frequently if you have diabetic eye problems. To keep your eye issues from growing worse, you might require extra care. A back-of-the-eye examination by an eye specialist can be done far more thoroughly than by your routine healthcare practitioner. Your eye doctor will look for cataracts, glaucoma, and retinal damage symptoms.
4. Maintain Healthy Levels of Cholesterol and Blood Pressure.
High blood pressure could harm your blood vessels, much like diabetes can. Since the resulting damage is frequently severe and occurs more quickly when you have diabetes, high cholesterol is also a problem. A heart attack, stroke, or other potentially fatal illnesses can result from the combination of these conditions. Controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol can be greatly aided by eating a balanced diet low in fat, salt, and sugar, as well as exercising frequently, and abstaining from excessive alcohol consumption. If required, your doctor might also advise you to take prescription drugs. Blood flows through your arteries with more power when you have high blood pressure, which can harm the arterial walls. Your risk of heart disease might significantly increase if you have both high blood pressure and diabetes.
5. Quit Smoking
Smoking makes diabetes more difficult to control, regardless of the type you have. Smoking increases your risk of developing significant health issues from diabetes, such as heart disease and kidney damage. Smoking impairs blood circulation, which can result in ulcers, infections, and the potential need to amputate a bodily part, such as the feet or toes, through surgery. Smoking may contribute to Retinopathy, an eye condition that can result in blindness in diabetics. Smoking may contribute to peripheral neuropathy disorders in diabetics, which are characterized by damaged nerves in the arms and legs that result in discomfort, numbness, lack of coordination, or weakness. If you smoke and have diabetes, you should stop immediately once for the sake of your health. Quitters with diabetes are more adept at controlling their blood sugar levels.
6. Take Aspirin
Your doctor might advise taking low aspirin doses each day to help reduce the likelihood of a heart attack and stroke if you have diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors like high blood pressure or smoking. If don’t have any other cardiovascular risk factors, using aspirin may carry more danger of bleeding than it does benefits. Consult your doctor to determine whether daily aspirin medication is right for you as well as the ideal aspirin strength. Cardiovascular disease is the main factor in diabetes death and morbidity. Patients with diabetes are also twice as likely to develop CVD, such as vascular mortality, stroke, and coronary. As a secondary preventive measure in diabetic patients, aspirin has benefits in lowering cardiovascular morbidity and death. Although there isn’t a prescribed dose for aspirin, low doses are frequently used in clinical settings. Higher doses raise the risk of bleeding but do not increase effectiveness.
Diabetes patients are now living longer and doing more with their lives than ever before. Numerous diabetes issues now have more and better therapies available thanks to research. Long-term issues are more likely to arise the longer someone has diabetes. Due to the damage that high blood glucose levels inflict on both tiny and big blood vessels, it is a contributing factor in long-term diabetic problems. Additionally, the thickening of blood vessel interior walls is a result of elevated blood glucose levels. You must correctly manage this illness because, over time, oxygen and other nutrients may not be able to reach the tissues that need them due to damage to the kidneys’ neurons, small blood vessels, and major blood vessels in the heart, legs, arms, and head.