The skin cells changing to abnormal cells is a sign of skin cancer. The disease has grown to be among the most common types of cancer.
If someone close to you is suffering from the disease, it is critical to allow yourself time to process the knowledge about different procedures for the treatment. If there is anything you are not sure about, ask questions and get all the skin cancer and melanoma information.
Moreover, it is generally advisable to get a second opinion. A second opinion can provide more information and make you feel more secure in your chosen treatment plan.
How To Proceed With The Treatment?
Based on your treatment options, you may have a variety of doctors on the treatment team. These physicians may include:
- Dermatologists: A dermatologist who specialises in skin ailments
- Oncologist (also known as an oncologic surgeon): A surgeon who performs cancer surgery
- A cancer specialist: A physician who uses immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy for cancer treatment
- A radiologist: A cancer specialist who uses radiation therapy
Many additional specialists, such as nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), psychologists, nurses, rehabilitation specialists, social workers, and other healthcare professionals who are well-informed about your disease, may also be engaged in your care.
Melanoma treatment options
Your melanoma treatment options are determined by the phase of your melanoma as well as your overall health. Melanoma could be efficiently treated with surgery alone in its early stages. However, there are different courses of action taken in the later stages.
- Melanoma Surgery: Melanoma is primarily treated through surgical excision (removal). Early-stage melanoma is frequently curable with wide local excision and a minor procedure. Lymphadenectomy, or the surgical removal of the affected lymph nodes, may be required for patients with Melanoma advanced-stage (cancer that has progressed to the lymph nodes). Surgery is frequently paired with targeted therapy or immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma.
- Immunotherapy for Melanoma Advanced Stage: Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that activates the immune system to fight cancer wherever it may be found in the body. This treatment can be systemic, in which the drugs circulate through the circulation, or local, in which the medicines are injected inside or near a visible tumour.
- Targeted Therapy for Advanced Melanoma is a cancer treatment focusing on specific chemicals within cancer cells. The medications decrease the spread and growth of cancers like melanoma by inhibiting the function of aberrant molecules. Targeted therapy is similarly systemic, and the medicines can be used alone or in tandem with other treatments.
- Melanoma Combination Therapy: Advanced melanoma frequently has gene changes within the cancerous cells, allowing cancer to develop and spread. Cancer that has migrated from its original place to other body sections can be efficiently treated with targeted therapy and immunotherapy.
- Melanoma Adjuvant Therapy: Adjuvant therapy is supplemental treatment provided after the standard treatment for melanoma (typically surgery) to lower the likelihood of cancer returning.
- Radiation Therapy for Melanoma: Radiation therapy is a treatment of cancers that uses energy beams, such as X-rays, to eliminate cancer cells. Radiation is typically used to treat melanoma for people for whom surgery is either too risky or not viable.
- Chemotherapy: Some other systemic option of treatment is chemotherapy, which employs medications that either destroy or prevent cancer cells from proliferating. Chemotherapy can be given to patients as a tablet, by mouth, or injected into a blood vein. Chemotherapy is used far less frequently to treat patients with metastatic or advanced melanoma, thanks to recent advancements in targeted therapy and novel immunotherapies.
When making treatment choices, patients should examine all therapy alternatives, including clinical trials. Some individuals believe that clinical trials are exclusively for late-stage diseases or that they should be only addressed after undergoing presently approved treatments; however, this is a misconception. Thus, your primary concern should be gathering all the skin cancer information before moving ahead with any of the above-mentioned treatments.